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Hygiene practices have helped keep Ebola out of the classroom
As students in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone begin their summer holidays, measures put in place to protect them from the Ebola virus are being credited with having helped keep classrooms free from any infections.
Across the three countries, there have been no reported cases of a student or teacher being infected at a school since strict hygiene protocols were introduced when classes resumed at the beginning of the year after a months'-long delay caused by the virus.
In Liberia, two schools were decontaminated as a precaution following the death of a student in June 2015 and the infection of another in July 2015.
The protocols, developed by UNICEF and its partners, include taking the temperature of children and staff at the school gate and installing handwashing stations. They also involved the distribution of millions of bars of soap and chlorine, and the training of tens of thousands of teachers and administrators in the protocols and in providing psychosocial support.
Establishing and implementing the protocols across three countries required months of preparations.
"The massive effort that went into making schools as safe from Ebola transmission as possible appears to have paid off," says Geoff Wiffin, UNICEF Representative in Sierra Leone. "Children learned in school how to protect themselves and others from Ebola, and they passed on those messages to their parents and their communities. This played an important role in the battle against the epidemic."
Some five million children lost months of education as schools remained closed from July 2014 until the first months of 2015 in the three worst-affected countries, which already had poor education numbers. Before Ebola, 58% of children attended primary school in Guinea, 34% in Liberia and 74% in Sierra Leone.
UNICEF is working to ensure the Ebola-prevention protocols remain in place after the holidays, while supporting efforts to make education systems more resilient, by addressing issues such as low enrolment, shortages of quality teachers, and access to safe water. Only 33% of primary schools have access to water in Guinea, 45% in Liberia, and some 40% in Sierra Leone. Maintaining safe hygiene practices and standards will also be important in protecting children from other illnesses.
Due to the success of the measures, Guinea-Bissau has begun implementing similar protocols as a precaution, after people who had been in contact with an infected person in neighbouring Guinea were believed to have crossed the border and could not be tracked down.
"As we battle to get to zero cases, we also must think of the future," says Sheldon Yett, UNICEF Representative in Liberia. "Major investments are needed to ensure that schools have basic water and sanitation infrastructure."
* Schools closed: 8 August 2014
* Schools to reopen: After 11 October elections (tentative)
* Teachers trained in Ebola prevention: 80,657, including 15,931 trained by UNICEF.
* Schools equipped with Ebola prevention hygiene package: 12,455 (100 %), including 7,176 provided by UNICEF.
* Schools closed: 31 July, 2014
* Schools to reopen: 7 September 2015
* Teachers trained in Ebola prevention: 10,000, including 5,995 trained by UNICEF.
* Schools equipped with Ebola prevention hygiene package: 4,619 (105 %), all provided by UNICEF. (Includes some schools that were not registered)
* Schools closed: 17 July 2014
* Schools to reopen: 31 August 2015
* Teachers trained in Ebola prevention: 18,338, including 8,997 trained by UNICEF.
* Schools equipped with Ebola prevention hygiene package: 8,995 (99 %), including
* 3,472 schools with hand-washing kits by UNICEF, who provided all schools with soap and cleaning materials
13th August 2015